Allama Iqbal: A Great Visionary
By Shamim Ahmad
It is a great honour of the South Asia that it produced prestigious personalities on its soils who gave a sense of realization to the Muslims of the subcontinent to acquire freedom from the two powerful forces of the British and Hindus. It is due to their unprecedented achievements that we are now standing as a dignified nation among the world community. Allama Iqbal stands atop as one of them whose 132 birth anniversary is celebrated throughout the country every year with traditional zeal and fervour to pay him rich tribute for his outstanding contribution in the creation of Pakistan.
This prominent leader of Pakistan Movement is known as great Philosopher and the Poet of the East all over the world. He was born on 9th November 1877 at Sialkot. He took an active part in politics after completion of his higher studies from the Munich University of Germany. He awoke the Muslims of the South Asia through his poetry. The nation is proud of Allama Iqbal as he not only gave the concept of Pakistan but also utilized his poetic genius for realization of his aim. He holds a status of great honour in the eyes of nation for his unique role, which he played in the struggle of freedom movement side-by-side of the Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah and other active Muslim leaders.
The far-sighted vision of Allama Iqbal inspired and guided the Muslims of the subcontinent to the way of independence. He worked very hard day and night for promotion of Pakistan Movement. He utilized his entire capabilities for the betterment of the Muslims in every field of life. He laid stress on the Muslims of the subcontinent to remain united at the platform of Muslim League to reach the destination of freedom. He proved through his relentless efforts that he was not only our national poet but was also a great reformer of the Muslims of the subcontinent.
Allama Iqbal was the first leader of South Asia who presented a comprehensive partition scheme of India at the 21st session of the All India Muslim League held at Allahabad on 29th December 1930. This scheme made him very popular at that time. He expressed his point of view that a Muslim State be formed in those areas where the Muslims were in majority, so that they could live therein according to the tenets of Islam. He argued that India is a continent of human groups where they belong to different races, speak different languages and profess different religions. Their behaviour is not all determined by a common consciousness. He concluded that The Muslim demand for the creation of a Muslim homeland is, therefore, perfectly justified. He earmarked that Sindh, Punjab, the NWFP and Balochistan be amalgamated into a single Muslim State for completion of his heartfelt desire.
According to historical record, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah went to England after failure of Hindu-Muslims unity. In the meantime, Allama Iqbal also went to England in 1931 to participate in the Roundtable Conference being the representative of the Muslims of the subcontinent, which unfortunately failed. It was a great achievement of Allama Iqbal that he persuaded the Quaid at that time to return to India from England and join the Muslim League for the cause of the oppressed Muslims of the subcontinent. quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah did so in the light of his advice and became a permanent member of the Muslim League in 1934.
Since then, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah took-up the cause of Allama Iqbal, which he gave in his historical address of Allahabad for a separate Muslim State. Mr Jinnah pleaded his cause with a great courage at every front and gave it a proper practical shape through Pakistan Resolution. In this sense, Iqbal is called the Founder of Pakistan Resolution. The message of Iqbal gave courage to the people at the critical stage to overcome their despondency and hopelessness to win the battle of freedom. It was due to his strenuous effort that the people gathered under the banner of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah which led to the ultimate creation of Pakistan. It is a matter of great misfortune that Allama Iqbal died before completion of his mission on 21st April 1937 and could not see the creation of Pakistan during his life.
Allama Iqbal served the people through his innumerable qualities of leadership. He will be remembered by the nation forever for his glorious services relating to formation of Pakistan in particular and creation of harmony and tolerance in the society in general through elimination of sectarianism according to teachings of Islam. This historic day, reminds us to seek guidance from the message of Iqbal to achieve the desired objectives for which Pakistan was acquired to form a true welfare State.